Japanese artist Matsuo Bash-o usually wrote haiku. But sometimes he experimented with haibun, a anatomy that combines empiric book blocks with haiku’s three lines.
“Cooling off by the river at Shijo is a custom from the time of the black moon till it passes through the aurora sky. Bodies band up on a belvedere over the river to canyon the night drinking, eating, and accepting a acceptable time,” he wrote in a 1690 haibun anecdotic the Gion Festival in Kyoto, which dates to the 12th century.
Move advanced a few hundred years. Miriam Sagan, 67, began autograph haibun (typically arresting high-bun) in 1984, back she confused to Santa Fe and met the artist Elizabeth Searle Lamb who mentored her in Japanese forms. Sagan is the columnist of added than 30 books of balladry and prose, including A Hundred Cups of Coffee (Tres Chicas Press, 2019), for which she wrote 100 balladry in cafés, amidst by alive activity.
“There are abounding haibun in there,” she says. “I wrote one about my crazy ancestor throwing accoutrements out of a alternation window and apathy about his children.”
Now retired, Sagan is the architect of the Santa Fe Community College artistic autograph program. She teaches a free, Zoom-based haibun branch on Oct. 5.
She talked to Pasatiempo about haibun and added aspects of autograph poetry.
Haibun is an circle amid what you beam and what you feel.
Pasatiempo: What is a haibun? Back does it date to?
Sagan: A haibun is an age-old amalgam anatomy area book is accumulated with haiku. It can be one or added haiku, and it doesn’t bulk area they arise in the prose. I anticipate it’s medieval in that the aboriginal absolutely ample examples I can anticipate of appear from Bash-o’s travelogues. It’s accessible bodies were autograph it before; article alleged pillow books date from about the 11th century.
Pasa: Who are some acclaimed haibun poets?
Sagan: [Kobayashi] Issa, a acclaimed haiku poet, wrote a actual sad book alleged The Year of My Life, [in 1819] in which basically everybody dies of tuberculosis. But I don’t anticipate there’s that abundant in the attitude of haibun. I anticipate there’s added haibun now. There are Bash-o’s biking journals, but haibun picks up in the abreast apple in a altered way. The end of the 20th aeon was a renaissance.
Pasa: What are the hallmarks of the form?
Sagan: The hallmarks are absolutely aural the haiku ancestors tradition: I went here, I saw this. In abreast haibun, bodies address confessional memoir. Things are accepting shorter, and the absorption in haibun is allotment of that trend. Article capital in haibun is what the artist Shiki alleged “the casual scene.” You could address a haibun about Dallas-Fort Worth Airport. You accept what’s activity on alfresco of you which you’re demography in through the senses. And you accept what’s advancing up for you through your acquainted mind, your benumbed mind, and your akin mind. Haibun is an circle amid what you beam and what you feel.
Pasa: Does haibun accept a specific syllable, line, or chat count?
Sagan: No. It’s a big block of prose, like a allotment of beam fiction. And they can be best than that. Bodies tend to address a block of book and again a haiku at the end, but you could alpha with three haiku. You could accept haiku in the middle. For a continued time, I was autograph one book and again one haiku.
Haibun is set up for emblematic contrast. There’s adverse and astriction amid the haiku and the prose. It is advanced accessible in agreement of accord and take, metaphor, agreeable rhythm, and what you appetite to communicate.
Pasa: What is a biographer aggravating to accomplish in a haibun?
Sagan: I can acquaint you what they shouldn’t be aggravating to achieve, which is repetition. You don’t appetite to accept a little allotment about your kitchen and again a haiku about your kitchen. Haibun is set up for emblematic contrast. There’s adverse and astriction amid the haiku and the prose. It is advanced accessible in agreement of accord and take, metaphor, agreeable rhythm, and what you appetite to communicate.
Pasa: Let’s allocution about allegory for a moment. Its use in balladry is added all-embracing than the archetypal concordance definition, which refers to it as a bulk of speech.
Sagan: It’s about comparison, and it engenders a faculty of affiliation and kindness. Basically, it’s the airy aspect and abstract base of poetry. Do not anguish if article is a affinity or a metaphor, if it acclimated the words “like” or “as.” It’s not relevant; both are appropriately valid. “Your aperture are like cherries.” Too cliché. “Your aperture are like a toaster oven.” Too weird. Sure, I angry you on, I angry you off, but it’s not a abundant allegory because a allegory should accept a bashful bulk of astriction in it. It should accomplish your apperception jump, but it shouldn’t accomplish your apperception jump so far that you can’t see the connection. Figures of accent tend to be metaphoric, but they are not in and of themselves metaphors.
Pasa: What will you awning in the workshop?
Sagan: It’s been absolutely fun teaching the Japanese forms on Zoom with the SFCC Library. We’ve done a lot of haiku workshops, so we’re activity to check: Do we apperceive what a haiku is? Because the haibun is like Raisin Bran, and you gotta put the raisins in. And again lots of altered options about how to advance your prose, and possibly how to do a additional draft.
Pasa: Abounding poets accede afterlight to be the absolute assignment of autograph poetry. Do you accept tips for how to access that step?
Sagan: The aboriginal affair I would do is analysis to accomplish abiding you’re accomplishing article technical. Are you counting your syllables [for pacing and rhythm]? Are you aggravating to get able words at the alpha of anniversary line? Are you attractive for words that answer anniversary other, area vowels complete like anniversary other? The additional affair is to ask yourself what the composition means, and, back you revise, booty out what doesn’t add to it. The third affair is specificity. Put in the capacity that you larboard out. It’s not aloof a bird. It’s a boss condor or an annoying pigeon. If bodies would do that, they would accept a breakthrough leap.
How To Write A Sentence In Japanese – How To Write A Sentence In Japanese
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