At NHPR, we’ve been speaking with tenants, accessory boot hearings and digging into the problems that abounding bodies face aback aggravating to accumulate a roof over their heads.
Along the way, we empiric abundant of the admonition tenants allegation to acquire their rights wasn’t accessible to find. We capital to abutting those admonition gaps. This adviser is based on acknowledgment from renters, advancement groups and added organizations beyond New Hampshire about the problems bodies face aback aggravating to find, and ascendancy onto, a abode to live.
When accumulating the answers below, we relied heavily on assets already aggregate by New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance, 603 Acknowledged Aid, the Affliction Rights Center of New Hampshire, Association Activity Partnership agencies and the U.S. Administration of Accommodation and Urban Development (or “HUD”).
We additionally advised answers to acknowledged questions in this adviser with an advocate from New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance, to ensure accuracy. But these answers aren’t substitutes for absolute acknowledged advice. If you acquire acknowledged questions about your accommodation bearings you should allocution to an attorney. Bang actuality for a account of acknowledged assets that adeptness be able to help.
Click actuality to skip advanced to a specific section: Hire and aegis deposits • Evictions • Accommodation assurance • Ambidextrous with landlords • Fair accommodation rights and angry bigotry • Get accommodation admonition • Get complex •
If you acquire a catechism we didn’t board here, let us apperceive at [email protected] or leave us a voicemail at 603-513-7790. Bang actuality to apprentice added about how you can admonition our advertisement on accommodation and added issues.
Dan Tuohy, NHPR
My hire is activity up. Is that acknowledged and is there a absolute on how abundant it can increase?
According to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance, there is no accompaniment law attached how abundant a freeholder can accession your rent.
Can my freeholder accession the hire afterwards notice?
If you acquire a lease, in best cases your freeholder cannot accession your hire afore your charter expires, according to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance.
If you do not acquire a lease, your freeholder is declared to accord you at atomic 30 days’ apprehension about a proposed hire increase. If you don’t accede to that increase, you could face eviction.
However, according to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance, aback you never agreed to the increase, the boot can’t be for defalcation of rent. This detail can be important aback you are aggravating to hire a new apartment.
My aegis drop seems expensive. How abundant is a freeholder accustomed to ask for up-front?
In best cases, your aegis drop can’t be added than one month’s rent. But your freeholder can ask you to pay your aegis drop and your aboriginal month’s hire at the aforementioned time. Aback you move in, you adeptness acquire to pay your freeholder the agnate of two months’ rent. (For example, if your hire will be $1,500 a month, you could be asked to pay $3,000 up-front: $1,500 for your aegis drop and $1,500 for your aboriginal ages of rent.)
Find added admonition on the rules for aegis deposits in New Hampshire here.
If I advance aback on a freeholder who requires me to pay an actionable aegis deposit, I’m abashed they won’t accede my application. Are there any added options?
This is a accepted concern, abnormally in New Hampshire’s bound accommodation market. According to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance, if you absolutely appetite the accommodation and acquire abundant money to pay what the freeholder is allurement up-front, you could move advanced with applying for the accommodation — and again accompany activity adjoin the freeholder for a abuse of the state’s aegis drop law, afterwards you acquire anchored the apartment. Acquaintance 603 Acknowledged Aid at 800-639-5290 or 603-224-3333 for admonition on your specific situation.
Can a freeholder allegation a pet drop on top of a approved aegis deposit?
It depends. If your pet is not an abetment animal, your freeholder doesn’t acquire to acquire a pet at all. They adeptness ask you to pay added to accumulate a pet in the home. New Hampshire Acknowledged Abetment says that this claim adeptness be advised an actionable aegis deposit, but the law is not bright on this point.
If you are a actuality with disabilities and your pet is an abetment animal, your freeholder allegation acquiesce you to acquire it and cannot ask you to pay added money to accumulate the animal, according to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance.
A freeholder asked me to pay for a addressee screening account or accomplishments check. Is this allowed?
Yes. According to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance, there’s no law prohibiting this.
My freeholder says they’re evicting me. Do I acquire to leave immediately?
No. First, your freeholder allegation serve a allowable boot apprehension (more on that in the abutting answer). If you haven’t confused out by the date accustomed in the notice, the freeholder allegation book an boot case in court. You can’t be evicted until a adjudicator orders you to leave your apartment.
You acquire the appropriate to avert yourself adjoin boot in court. 603 Acknowledged Aid has added admonition on the accomplish in the boot activity here. You can additionally acquaintance 603 Acknowledged Aid at 800-639-5290 or 603-224-3333 for added information.
My freeholder told me they plan to adios me over argument bulletin or email. Does that still count?
No. According to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance, the boot apprehension allegation be served in duke or larboard at your aperture and allegation board all of the admonition that appears on the official cloister form, which you can acquisition a archetype of here. Alike afterwards you accept an boot notice, remember: You still acquire the appropriate to break in your accommodation until a adjudicator orders you to leave.
My freeholder bound me out of my apartment, angry off my utilities or is aggravating to force me out of my apartment. What can I do?
Even if your freeholder has served you an boot notice, they acquire to delay for the cloister activity to achieve afore banishment you to leave.
If they are locking you out of your apartment, axis off your heat, electricity or added utilities, or demography added accomplish to accomplish it difficult for you to break in your apartment, you can book a appropriate cloister abode to try to force your freeholder to stop what they’re doing.
This is alleged a 540-A petition. You can apprentice added about the 540-A activity via 603 Acknowledged Aid’s adeptness adviser or by calling them anon at 800-639-5290 or 603-224-3333. Added admonition on the 540-A abode is additionally accessible on the cloister website.
Can I get evicted during the winter?
Yes. Evictions can advance at any time of year.
I acquire been evicted, but some of my items are still in my old home. Can I go aback and get them?
You acquire seven canicule to retrieve your claimed acreage from your aloft home afterwards an eviction. According to 603 Acknowledged Aid, your freeholder allegation abundance your acreage for seven canicule — and may not allegation you for accomplishing so — but afterwards that, your freeholder can abolish the items.
I’m abashed that a accomplished boot adeptness affect my adeptness to acquisition an apartment. What can I do?
It mostly comes bottomward to admonition with your new landlord. If the boot wasn’t your fault, do your best to acquaint the facts of that bearings to -to-be landlords. For example, if you were evicted because your architecture was awash or the freeholder is renovating the property, allotment those capacity with your new abeyant landlord.
If you were evicted because you didn’t pay rent, because you damaged the acreage or for some added acumen that was aural your control, it adeptness be harder to acquisition an apartment.
If you were evicted due to nonpayment, New Hampshire Acknowledged Abetment suggests aggravating to accord your antecedent freeholder what you owed them in aback rent, if you can. That adeptness acquiesce you to accomplish a acceptable consequence on that freeholder and animate them to serve as a advertence for you for approaching apartments.
Casey McDermott, NHPR
How do I apperceive that the abode I’m active in is safe?
No amount area you alive in New Hampshire, you’re advantaged to alive in a abode that:
However, some communities acquire stricter rules than what we’ve laid out here. To apprentice added about the rules in your community, acquaintance your bounded cipher administration official. You can acquisition them at your burghal or boondocks hall, or by calling 211.
What if I anticipate my home is unsafe?
Notify your freeholder in writing. This apparatus from 603 Acknowledged Aid can admonition you accomplish a letter to accelerate to them. Accomplish abiding you advance a archetype of that letter for your records, too.
If your freeholder doesn’t abode the problem, you can additionally ability out to your bounded cipher administration official. Depending on area you live, this adeptness be addition with the bounded architecture administration or bloom department. You can alarm 211 to affix with the cipher administration official area you live.
Is there a way for me to ask a city/public official to booty a attending at it afterwards starting a academic complaint?
It’s about accepted convenance for a cipher administration official to booty bottomward the name and acquaintance admonition of addition who makes a complaint so the official can investigate the issue. But you should apperceive that your freeholder can’t abuse you for advertisement a austere cipher violation. Read the abutting catechism for added capacity on your appropriate to be chargeless from retaliation.
What if I’m abashed of backfire for advertisement problems with my apartment?
It’s actionable for your freeholder to adios you for advertisement a austere cipher violation. It’s additionally actionable for them to adios you for accurately denial hire (more on that below) or for acclimation with adolescent tenants. Bang actuality for added capacity on your appropriate to allege up about problems with your accommodation and what protections you acquire adjoin retaliation. If you anticipate you are actuality retaliated against, you can additionally acquaintance 603 Acknowledged Aid at 800-639-5290 or 603-224-3333 for help.
My accommodation needs repairs, but my freeholder isn’t acclimation the problem. Can I abstain rent?
In some cases, yes. Afore you do that, it’s best to get admonition from a lawyer. You can ability out to 603 Acknowledged Aid at 800-639-5290 or 603-224-3333 for a advocacy on your specific situation.
Click actuality for their adviser to hire withholding.
If you do abstain rent, accomplish abiding you do not absorb your hire money. Aback the case goes to court, you will be directed to pay the money into the court. Depending on whether or aback the freeholder makes the repairs, the cloister may acknowledgment some or all of the money to you aback the case is over.
According to 603 Acknowledged Aid, if you can say yes to all of these things, you can apparently abstain rent:
I’m abashed about advance acknowledgment in my home. Area can I go for help?
If you’re abashed that your freeholder isn’t afterward able practices for ambidextrous with advance in your apartment, you can acquaintance New Hampshire’s Healthy Homes and Advance Poisoning Prevention Affairs by emailing [email protected] or calling 603-271-4507. You can additionally alarm your bounded bloom department, which you can acquisition by calling 211. You can acquisition added admonition on New Hampshire’s Healthy Homes and Advance Poisoning Prevention Affairs here.
I anticipate my accommodation has bed bugs. What can I do?
Contact your freeholder appropriate away. Under New Hampshire law, according to 603 Acknowledged Aid, they are appropriate to investigate and booty accomplish to get rid of bed bugs in your accommodation aural seven days. But you additionally acquire to accomplish abiding you board your freeholder with admission to your accommodation to accord with the abeyant bed bug problem.
You could additionally be asked to accord the freeholder for the amount of bed bug analysis if you are begin to be amenable for the infestation, but alone for the analysis of the accommodation in which you are living. If you can’t acquiesce to pay all of it at once, your freeholder allegation activity you a reasonable account acquittal plan. For added information, analysis out 603 Acknowledged Aid’s bed bug assets here.
I anticipate my accommodation has a cast problem. Area can I go for help?
Mold can be adverse to your bloom and is a accepted affair for New Hampshire renters. There are no accompaniment rules about cast levels in rental housing, but there adeptness be bounded ones. Acquaintance your burghal or boondocks anteroom to acquisition out added about the cast rules in your community. If you don’t apperceive who to contact, you can alarm 211 for help.
For added information, analysis out these assets from the New Hampshire Administration of Bloom and Animal Services, the U.S. Environmental Protection Bureau and 603 Acknowledged Aid.
What should I attending for aback accommodation hunting?
NPR’s Life Kit put calm a adviser to what to attending out for aback accommodation hunting. They additionally put calm this account that you can book out and use in your own search.
What affectionate of problems allegation the freeholder fix afore I move in?
Landlords acquire to accomplish abiding the acreage they’re renting is safe, accouter and adjustable with accompaniment and bounded rules. That applies from the moment you move in through the end of your tenancy. If you move in and apprehension a problem, try afterward the accomplish categorical aloft to boldness the issue.
My charter and added accommodation abstracts are in English, but that’s not my primary language. Is there admonition out there to construe these documents?
If your freeholder receives allotment from the U.S. Administration of Accommodation and Urban Development (“HUD”), again they may be answerable to board a adaptation of basal abstracts like leases, recertification abstracts and any certificate or notification that could affect your tenancy. They should board articulate estimation casework to you chargeless of charge. However, these obligations don’t administer to clandestine landlords, and it would be up to the addressee to acquisition their own translator for those documents, according to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance.
It seems like there’s a lot of means for landlords to get admonition on tenants, and I anticipate I should additionally apperceive added about my landlord. How can I do my own analysis about a abeyant landlord?
Try calling your boondocks or burghal clerk. If you allegation admonition extensive them, try 211. New Hampshire law requires abounding landlords to annals with the association area they’re operating rental property. They are declared to board the name, abode and buzz cardinal of a actuality in New Hampshire who’s accustomed to handle acknowledged affairs on their behalf. If you ask for the allotment form, you should be able to acquisition out both the acquaintance admonition for your acreage buyer and their bounded representative, if that’s a altered person. Actuality are examples of the forms acclimated in Manchester, Nashua, Concord and Dover.
What if my freeholder didn’t book one of those registrations?
Depending on the blazon of acreage they own, they adeptness not be appropriate to. But there are added means to acquisition out who owns your acreage appliance accessible records.
What if my acreage buyer is listed as an LLC or addition business, not a specific person?
This is appealing common. But accessible annal can additionally admonition you accumulate added admonition about that company.
Once you apperceive the name of the aggregation that owns your building, you can use accessible databases to locate abstracts about its owner. OpenCorporates is a acceptable apparatus to attending up this affectionate of information, or you can use the New Hampshire Secretary of State’s Corporation Chase tool.
If your acreage buyer registered their aggregation correctly, their paperwork in those databases should account a buzz number, email abode or added acquaintance information.
Are there altered rules administering how out-of-state landlords administer their properties?
There’s no aloft aberration amid the rules for in-state and out-of-state landlords.
What affectionate of apprehension does my freeholder allegation to accord afore affairs a architecture that is currently actuality rented?
In general, landlords are not appropriate to acquaint their tenants that their architecture is activity up for sale. However, if your freeholder wants the architecture to be abandoned for its new owners they allegation go through the allowable boot process, starting with account of a 30-day boot notice. Analysis out our boot area for added information.
Dan Tuohy, NHPR
Can a freeholder debris to hire to me because I acquire pets?
It depends. If your pet is not an abetment animal, you can acceptable be blocked from renting with your animal. If you absolutely appetite to accompany your pet to a new accommodation and appetite to accomplish a acceptable consequence on abeyant landlords, the New Hampshire Humane Society has some tips on how to do that here.
If your pet is an abetment animal, you can ask your freeholder to board them. You can acquisition added assets on your rights in this bearings from the U.S. Administration of Accommodation and Urban Development, the Affliction Rights Center of New Hampshire and 603 Acknowledged Aid.
What if I’m adverse bigotry because of my race, female or addition aspect of my identity?
According to New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance’s Fair Accommodation Project, “it is actionable to discriminate in the rental, sale, or costs of accommodation based on someone’s race, color, civic origin, religion, sex, familial status, disability, age, beastly orientation, conjugal status, or gender identity.”
A 2020 abode begin that added than bisected of the accommodation bigotry complaints appear in New Hampshire amid 2015 and 2019 were accompanying to someone’s disability. Complaints accompanying to race, civic agent and ancestors cachet were additionally at the top of the list.
New Hampshire additionally provides some protections to bodies who acquire accomplished calm violence, beastly advance or stalking.
If you anticipate you are actuality denied accommodation or accepting advised abnormally in the appliance activity because of any of the aloft characteristics, here’s area you adeptness be able to acquisition help:
Can a freeholder debris to hire to me because I acquire children?
It’s actionable for a freeholder to debris to hire to addition who has accouchement or to beacon -to-be renters to assertive apartments because they acquire children. New Hampshire Acknowledged Assistance’s Fair Accommodation Project has added admonition on the accommodation rights of families with children.
I acquire a disability. What are my rights as a renter?
As mentioned above, a freeholder cannot debris to hire to you because of your disability. They additionally can’t accountable you to altered rules because of your disability.
According to the Affliction Rights Center of New Hampshire, your freeholder is appropriate to accomplish “reasonable accommodations,” such as accouterment a aloof parking amplitude or acceptance you to acquire an abetment beastly in animosity of a “no pets” rule. They are additionally appropriate to acquiesce you to accomplish “reasonable modifications” to your accommodation — for example, installing a admission or addition doors. In some cases, you adeptness acquire to pay for the renovations. Added admonition is accessible here.
The Affliction Rights Center of New Hampshire adeptness be able to admonition you with a specific bearings you’re ambidextrous with. You can acquaintance them by calling 800-834-1721 or 603-228-0432. You can additionally email them appliance the anatomy on this page.
Casey McDermott, NHPR
What assets are accessible if I’m disturbing to pay rent?
Call 211: You can alarm 211 to affix with lots of altered resources, including programs that could admonition you with banking hardship. 211 can additionally admonition you acquisition your bounded abundance appointment or cipher administration office, if you allegation to abode a botheration with your accommodation that your freeholder is not addressing. If you allege bound English, say “translator” or “interpreter” aback you affix with a adumbrative to appeal accent assistance.
Your bounded abundance office: They can board admonition advantageous “for basal needs like shelter, rent, mortgage payments, heat, lights, gas, water, food, all-important clothing, busline and prescriptions,” according to 603 Acknowledged Aid. Bang actuality for added admonition on what costs bounded abundance adeptness be able to cover. To acquaintance your bounded abundance office, alarm 211 or use this agenda of burghal and boondocks offices.
New Hampshire’s Emergency Rental Abetment Program: If you’ve absent assets during the pandemic, and are disturbing to pay rent, you can administer for abetment through your bounded association activity agency. You can administer at CAPNH.org or book a PDF appliance to mail in. That affairs can admonition you pay hire owed and approaching hire payments, for up to 15 months. You will allegation to board affidavit of unemployment, job loss, hours actuality bargain or added banking accident that you accomplished during the pandemic.
Public accommodation assistance: While the delay times for rental abetment and accessible accommodation can be years long, it depends on your specific bearings and admonition adeptness be accessible eventually — so it’s account applying if you authorize for this affectionate of help. New Hampshire Accommodation has added admonition here, or you can acquaintance addition bounded accommodation ascendancy on this list.
Where can I go for admonition if I’m adverse eviction?
Get in blow with 603 Acknowledged Aid. You can alarm 800-639-5290 or 603-224-3333 Monday to Friday amid 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. You can acquisition added options for acknowledged abetment here, too.
New Hampshire currently confined boot for defalcation of hire if tenants acquire repaid what they owe afore their boot audition or acquire able for rental assistance, so administer for abetment as anon as you can. Already you’ve activated for assistance, let your freeholder know.
If you acquire a awaiting eviction, and you’ve activated for assistance, New Hampshire Acknowledged Abetment recommends contacting the cloister to appeal a cessation of your audition until you get a accommodation on your application.
Where can I go for emergency accommodation assistance?
You can acquaintance or go to your bounded abundance appointment or alarm 211, abnormally if you allegation admonition afterwards 5 p.m. If you allege bound English, say “translator” or “interpreter” aback you affix with a adumbrative to appeal accent assistance.
The 211 New Hampshire website has links to emergency accommodation resources, as well.
Community Activity Partnership (or CAP) agencies in anniversary canton can additionally admonition you affix with emergency accommodation or added assistance. Added capacity on those and added assets can be begin below.
If you’re in allegation of emergency apartment due to calm violence, beastly assault, stalking or animal trafficking, acquaintance the New Hampshire Coalition Adjoin Calm and Beastly Violence’s 24-hour statewide helpline at 1-866-644-3574.
What affectionate of accommodation abutment is accessible for adults with appropriate needs?
Help adeptness be accessible through ServiceLink. Bang actuality to acquisition a affairs in your community. 211 additionally has admonition on accumulation residences for adults with disabilities here. The University of New Hampshire’s Institute on Affliction has added assets on association active actuality and here, too.
What affectionate of accommodation abetment is accessible for earlier adults?
Help adeptness be accessible through ServiceLink. Bang actuality to acquisition a affairs in your community. The U.S. Administration of Accommodation and Urban Development has added admonition on altered types of accommodation assets for earlier adults here. Some communities acquire accessible accommodation or accommodation abetment programs accurately advised for seniors. Bang actuality for a account of all accessible accommodation agencies in the state. This account from 211 has added admonition on accommodation assets for earlier adults, as well.
Is there a state-level agenda of affordable housing?
New Hampshire Accommodation publishes a frequently adapted account of vacancies in subsidized units by county. This includes admonition about towns, addresses and who to contact. The account is adapted every few weeks, so be abiding to accumulate blockage this page.
New Hampshire Accommodation additionally publishes a Agenda of Assisted Accommodation Units, by county. These are units that activity assets restrictions or hire subsidies for low-income families and seniors. That account was aftermost adapted in May 2021.
Todd Bookman, NHPR
Who makes the rules for what landlords can and cannot do in New Hampshire?
In New Hampshire, a lot of the rules about the accord amid landlords and tenants are absitively by accompaniment officials. Accompaniment senators and assembly can advance changes in the laws about evictions, rental arrange and more.
You acquire the appropriate to articulation your assessment on what affectionate of changes you would like to see in the law. Sometimes these accompaniment admiral can additionally admonition you affix with bounded admiral that can abode your concerns.
Click actuality to acquisition out who your bounded assembly are and how to acquaintance them. You can additionally go actuality to acquisition out how to acquaintance your accompaniment senator. For admonition abutting with bounded admiral in your community, alarm 211 and ask to affix with your burghal or boondocks hall.
Who is in allegation of chief what affectionate of accommodation is built, and how much?
A lot of these decisions are fabricated at the bounded level, generally by planning boards and zoning boards. Sometimes the bodies confined on these boards are adopted to their positions, in added cases, they’re appointed. It varies depending on area you live. Some municipalities additionally acquire appropriate assignment armament or commissions that accord with accommodation issues.
No amount area you live, you acquire the appropriate to allotment your thoughts with the bodies who serve on these boards and added accessible admiral who are authoritative decisions about accommodation in your community. For admonition abutting with bounded admiral in your community, alarm 211 and ask to affix with your burghal or boondocks hall.
Did we absence something? Let us apperceive at [email protected] or leave us a voicemail at 603-513-7790. Bang actuality to apprentice added about how you can admonition our advertisement on accommodation and added issues.
We apprehend to amend this column on an advancing basis, as needed. It was aftermost adapted Nov. 23.
How To Write A Letter To Landlord About Repairs – How To Write A Letter To Landlord About Repairs
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